IELTS Writing task 1 (Academic): Fundamental method to write all types of charts/diagrams
In the post Academic Writing task 1, I have shown you the general ideas about writing task 1 for Academic training. So in this post, I will give you a successful formula which you can apply for all types of charts. I wish this could help you write a task 1 report as easy as pie.
The structure of this post will be designed as follow:
Firstly, I will show you how to write an introduction
Secondly, I will guide you ways to make a sufficient Overview
Writing body paragraphs will be the last thing being analyzed in this post.
The method to write an introduction for IELTS Writing task 1 Academic
IELTS test requires you to write your essays using your OWN words, so it’s crucial to not use words that have been written in question. The easiest but most effective way to write an introduction for IELTS writing test is paraphrasing the question. However, if you target to a higher score, you may need to use more sophisticating way by employing complex sentence structures or high-score vocabulary. I will show you the later in another post.
Paraphrasing questions for IELTS writing task 1 Academic:
This is the most basic method that anyone can apply. However, this may not guarantee that you can get a high score with it. But don’t worry, if you write well in the remaining parts, it’s still good to get a high score.
Basically, you could paraphrasing a sentence by  changing the vocabulary in that sentence or  changing the structure of that sentence.
 Changing vocabulary
By using this method, what you should do is only replacing main subject/verb/object of the sentence in question by their synonyms.
Source: IELTS Cambridge 11 test 1
You can paraphrase this question as follow:
The charts below illustrate the proportion of water consumed for various uses in six regions of the world.
show => illustrate
percentage => proportion
used => consumed
different purposes => various uses
areas => regions
 Changing sentence structures:
In this way, what you should do is transforming the form of words in the sentence of question or writing a new sentence with the same meaning with the sentence in questions. This method is more complicated than the first one, so you may be scored high when applying this method.
The graph below gives information about the amount of greenhouse gas emissions (CO2) per person on the average basis in four European countries over a 40-year period.
Sentence structure change:
shows => gives information
average carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions per person in the UK, Sweden, Italy, and Portugal between 1967 and 2007 => the amount of greenhouse gas emissions (CO2) per person on the average basis in four European countries over a 40-year period.
Grammar accuracy in the Introduction for IELTS writing task 1 Academic: Subject-Verb agreement and tense.
The tense for the main clause in the Introduction of Academic writing task 1 is alway simple present. Additionally, you should also make sure that if there is only ONE chart/table/diagram, the verb goes with it must be a singular verb. Otherwise, the verb will be plural.
The bar chart shows….
The pie charts illustrate
Useful expressions to write an Introduction for IELTS writing task 1 Academic:
To avoid grammatical errors, I suggest you bear in mind my suggested common expressions in the following table:
Table source: 15 days practice for IELTS writing
How to write an excellent Overview for IELTS Writing task 1 Academic?
What to write in an overview
An overview is a big picture about the whole charts/diagrams. It’s should be general without supporting data. When you write about the overview, make sure that you find 2 significant features in the figures. These significant features should be:
- The overall trend
- The similarity in tendency between a number of items in the figures
- Periods with dramatical changes
- The highest/lowest points
- The most significant transformation
- The number of steps in a process and the beginning/ending points.
Overview sentence structure
In writing task 1, an overview is a mandatory requirement so you will certainly lose mark if you do not have it in your essay.
It’s efficient and effective to remember some sentence structure so that you can save much time to write an overview. Moreover, an overview paragraph should contain 1 or 2 sentences. Now, I will give you some sample structure to write an excellent overview.
You should begin your overview with:
 It’s clear/evident/obvious/apparent that + Subject + Verb + …
or you could say:
 No one can deny that + Subject + verb + …
or simple, you could say:
 Overall, S + V + …
If you want to add further feature, what you should do is using transition words like: In addition/Additionally/Moreover/Furthermore or you can write like this “One another significant point noted from the figure is + Noun or Noun phrase” or “One another significant point noted from the figure is that + S + V+ …”
Writing body paragraphs for IELTS Writing task 1 Academic
Each different type of charts/table/diagrams will have different ways to describe detailed information that it represents.
In detailed paragraphs, you only select and summarize important points and then compare them with each other.
I will show you the way to write each type of charts (pie, bar, line), tables, diagrams (map, process) in the next posts
That’s the end of today post
Thank you for reading my blog. I hope this will facilitate your IELTS writing task 1 Academic preparation.
See you in my future posts